Water and Sanitation for Health

Water Projects in Southern Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, only 49% of the population has access to clean water, reducing to 39.3%
in rural areas. Just 20.7% of Ethiopians are using adequate sanitation facilities; outside of urban areas estimates are as low as 19.4%. Contamination of water resources by human and animal defecation is common and causes a high exposure to water transmitted WOMEN WAITING FOR WATERdiseases such as diarrhoea, dysentery, schistosomiasis, trachoma, scabies, and malaria. It is estimated that in Ethiopia three quarters of childhood diseases are linked to environmental agents. According to the Ministry of Health of Ethiopia 38,500 Ethiopian children under 5 years die every year because of diarrhoea, of which two-thirds is due to rotavirus (UNICEF Nov. 2013). The situation is made even more precarious by the lack of awareness about the link between clean water and disease and the shortage of doctors.

APA was able to contribute to two WaSH projects in Ethiopia in 2015 to try to mitigate these problems. The first project was co-funded by Galway County Council and was located in Kaffa Zone in the Woreda of Adyo where a spring on the spot (SOS) was developed in partnership with the community along with training, workshops and income generating activities to ensure sustainability. The aim of the project is to address the shortage of clean and potable water through an integrated approach by providing water and sanitation infrastructure. To ensure the management of the structures, capacity building of communities and involvement of relevant local institutions is a pre-requisite. The intervention also promotes the participation and economic empowerment of women and also enables the sharing of correct hygiene practices in order to reduce the impact on morbidity and mortality as a result of water borne diseases.

The second project was co-funded by Electric Aid and was also located in Kaffa Zone in the Woreda of Adyo and Bita where 1 gravity system; 5 springs on the spot (SOS) and a latrine for the school were developed in partnership with the community along with training, workshops and income generating activities to ensure sustainability. The intervention promotes the participation and economic empowerment of women through the establishment of a women’s cooperative and also enables the sharing of correct hygiene and food preparation practices in order to reduce the impact on morbidity and mortality as a result of water borne diseases.

Man using Talflo Taps

Water Saving Equipment

The Talbot Talflo Tap is designed to be user friendly, it incorporates a unique valve internally that allows the tap to be opened at high pressure and closes firmly under low pressure. It prevents water wastage and is much more resistant than a normal tap. Thanks to funding provided by Fastflow, an additional stock of 100 Talbot taps and related fittings were purchased in 2015.